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medium: Oil »
support: on canvas »
year(s): 1916 »   //  1917 »
1916-1917.16
The Jack Pine
Winter 1916–17
Alternate titles: Jack Pine: Lake Cauchon
Oil on canvas
50 3/8 x 55 1/16 in. (127.9 x 139.8 cm)

Exhibition History

1918 St. Louis: Mo, Paintings by Canadian Artists, Loaned by the National Gallery of Canada, no. 32.
1920 Thomson: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Memorial Exhibition of Paintings by Tom Thomson, no. 2.
1924 Wembley: British Empire, London, British Empire Exhibition, Section of Fine Arts, no. 240, ill. in b/w.
1925 Ghent: Palais des Fêtes, Parc de la Citadelle, Exposition Triennale de Gand, no. 729.
1926 AGT Inaugural: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Inaugural Exhibition, no. 260.
1927 Paris: Musée & du Jeu de Paume, Exposition d'art canadien, no. 236 (repr.).
1932 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Imperial Economic Conference, no. 2.
1938 Tate: Tate, London, A Century of Canadian Art, no. 213.
1941 Thomson: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Horatio Walker - Tom Thomson
1942 London: Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Public Library & Art Museum, Ontario, Milestones of Canadian Art: A Retrospective Exhibition of Canadian Art from Paul Kane and Kreighoff to the Contemporary Painters, no. 41.
1949 Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Mass, Forty Years of Canadian Painting: From Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven to the Present Day, no. 89 (repr.).
1949 Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, Ontario, Fifty Years of Painting in Canada, no. 29 (repr.).
1950 Washington: National Gallery of Art, D.C, Canadian Painting: An Exhibition Arranged by the National Gallery of Canada, no. 78 (repr.).
1954 VAG: Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Group of Seven, no. 65 (repr.).
1958 Los Angeles: National Gallery of Canada, Calif, Tom Thomson
1967 NGC (2): National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Three Hundred Years of Canadian Art, no. 196 (repr.).
1968 Owen Sound: Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, Ontario, First Anniversary Exhibition, no. 6 (repr. col.).
1970 NGC: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, The Group of Seven, no. 69 (repr.).
1971 Thomson: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, The Art of Tom Thomson, no XV (repr. col.).
1973 Madison: Elvehjem Art Centre, Wis, Canadian Landscape Painting 1670 - 1930: The Artist and the Land, no. 51 (repr.).
1975 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada, St. Catharines, Ontario, Tom Thomson: The Jack Pine, no.11.
1984 AGO: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, The Mystic North: Symbolist Landscape Painting in Northern Europe and North America, 1890 - 1940, no. 117 (repr.).
1999 Montreal: Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Quebec, Cosmos From Romanticism to the Avant-garde, (repr. col.).
2002 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada; Art Gallery of Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, Tom Thomson, no. 132 (repr. col.).
2004 St. Petersburg: Art Gallery of Ontario, Tom Thomson, no. 55 (repr. col.).
2011 Dulwich: Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, no. 6, Fig. 1 (repr. col. det.), p. 10, Pl. 10 (repr. col.).

Published References

MacCallum 1918: "Tom Thomson: Painter of the North," p. 381 (repr.).
Mortimer-Lamb 1919: "Canadian Artists and the War," pp. 125 (repr.) as The Jack Pine, Lake Cauchon.
Fairley 1920: "Tom Thomson and Others," pp. 244–47.
Mail and Empire 1920a: "Beauty of North Shown in Colour"
Toronto Daily Star 1920a: "Memorial Exhibition to Artist of North"
Ottawa Citizen 1922: "A Canadian Artist"
Ottawa Journal 1922: "Fine Pictures Added to National Gallery"
Brown 1922a: "The National Gallery of Canada: A Story of Struggle and Achievement in Establishing a Little-known Institution," p. 28 (repr.).
Canadian Magazine 1924: "Fine Arts From Canada," p. 136 (repr.).
Hind 1924: "Art and Artists: Canadian Landscape Painters at Wembley," p. 250.
Lee 1924: "Canadian Pictures at Wembley," pp. 338–39.
NGC 1924a: A Portfolio of Pictures from the Canadian Section of Fine Arts, British Empire Exhibition, London, 1924, (repr.).
NGC 1924b: Press Comments on the Canadian Selection of Fine Arts, British Empire Exhibition, pp. 7, 15, 20.
Canadian 1925: "Canadian Art at Wembley; Other Exhibitions," p. 486.
MacTavish 1925: The Fine Arts in Canada, p. 150 (repr.).
Richmond 1925: "Canadian Art at Wembley," pp. 21, no. 182 (repr. col.).
Chassé 1926: "L'Exposition Canadienne à Paris," (repr.).
Christian 1926: "Inaugural Exhibition at the Art Gallery of Toronto"
Harris, L 1926: "Review of the Toronto Art Gallery Opening," p. 46.
Housser 1926: A Canadian Art Movement: The Story of the Group of Seven, pp. 117, 120–21.
NGC 1926: Press Comments on the Canadian Section of Fine Arts, British Empire Exhibition, 1924-1925, pp. 5, 13, 17, 34, 38, 41.
Lismer 1926b: "The Art Gallery of Toronto," p. 71.
Brown 1927a: "La jeune peinture canadienne," p. 192 (repr.).
Dick 1928: "The National Gallery of Canada: Tom Thomson"
Grayson 1929: Picture Appreciation for the Elementary School, pp. 196–98, 275–76 (repr. col. frontispiece).
Davies 1930a: Paddle and Palette: The Story of Tom Thomson, p. 23 (repr.).
Salinger 1930c: "Peinture et litérature: L'exposition d'art canadien aux Etats-Unis," pp. 7–8 (repr.).
Onward, 1931: "Famous Canadian Pictures: The Jack Pine by Tom Thomson," (repr.).
Robson 1932: Canadian Landscape Painters, p. 145 (repr. col.).
Barbeau 1932a: "Tells Remarkable Story Progress and Achievement"
Lismer 1932a: Outline for Picture Study: The Jack Pine
Barbeau 1932b: "Morrice and Thomson," (repr.).
Davies 1935: A Study of Tom Thomson: The Story of a Man Who Looked for Beauty and for Truth in the Wilderness, pp. 96,107, 110–11 (repr. col.).
Robson 1937: Tom Thomson, pp. 20–21 (repr. col.).
Burgoyne 1937a: "Tom Thomson, Painter of the Wilds, Lost to Canadian Art 20 Years Ago," (repr.).
McInnes 1940: "Tom Thomson," p. 27 (repr. col.).
Buchanan 1945: Canadian Painters from Paul Kane to the Group of Seven, fig. 43 (repr.).
Buchanan 1946: "Tom Thomson - Painter True North," p. 99 (repr. col.).
Saunders 1947: Algonquin Story, p. 173.
Huntsville Forester 1948: "Tom Thompson [sic] and One-Tree Island"
Department 1957: The Arts in Canada, p. 75 (repr. col.).
Atherton 1958: "The Man in a Canoe," p. 20 (repr. col.).
Hubbard 1960b: National Gallery of Canada, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture, p. 294 (repr.).
Hubbard 1962: The Gallery of Canadian Art, 2 Tom Thomson, pp. 7, 11, pl. 3 (repr. col.).
Hubbard 1963: The Development of Canadian Art, pp. 89–90 , pl. 154 (repr. col.).
Brown, M 1964: Breaking Barriers: Eric Brown National Gallery, p. 72.
Harper 1966: Painting in Canada: A History, pp. 279, 282 (repr.).
Harper 1966: Painting in Canada: A History, p. 275.
Davies 1967: Tom Thomson: The Story of a Man Who Looked for Beauty and for Truth in the Wilderness, page facing 24, 76, 87–88 (repr. col.).
Addison 1969: Tom Thomson, The Algonquin Years, pp. 54, 59, 76, 81 (repr.).
Boggs 1969: "The National Gallery of Canada," p. 4 (repr.).
Mellen 1970: The Group of Seven, pp. 49, 60–63, 198, 208 (repr. col.).
Reid 1970: The Group of Seven, pp. 106–107.
Boggs 1971: The National Gallery of Canada, pl. XXVIII (repr. col.).
Murray 1971: The Art of Tom Thomson, pp. 45, 59, 63 (repr. col.).
Dumas 1972: "Exposition rétrospective de Tom Thomson"
Hubbard 1973: "Landscape Painting in Canada," pp. 138–139 (repr. col.).
Reid 1973: A Concise History of Canadian Painting, p. 145.
Lord 1974: Painting in Canada: Towards a People's Art, pp. 128–29.
Reid 1975: Tom Thomson: The Jack Pine, pp. 17–33 (repr. col.).
Town & Silcox 1977: Tom Thomson: The Silence and the Storm, pp. 124, 125, 193 (repr. col.).
Mellen 1978: The Landmarks of Canadian Art, pp. 9, 172 (repr. col.).
Boulet 1982: The Canadian Earth: Landscape Paintings by the Group of Seven, pp. 210–211 (repr. col .).
Murray 1984: The Best of the Group of Seven, p. 49 (repr. col.).
Nasgaard 1984: The Mystic North: Symbolist Landscape Painting in Northern Europe and North America 1890-1940, pp. 180, 184 (repr.).
McMichael, R 1986: One Man's Obsession, pp. 109, 164.
Murray 1986a: The Best of Tom Thomson, pp. 78–79 (repr. col.).
Burnett 1990: Masterpieces of Canadian Art from the National Gallery of Canada, pp. 86–87 (repr.).
Walton 1990: "The Group of Seven and Northern Development," pp. 173,175, 206 (repr.).
Murray 1991: pp. 32–33.
Bordo 1992: "Jack Pine - Wilderness Sublime, or the Erasure of the Aboriginal Presence from the Landscape," pp. 108–25 (repr.).
Porcelain Artist 1994: p. 32 (repr. colour).
Murray 1994b: Northern Lights: Masterpieces of Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, pp. 74–75 (repr. col.).
Booth 1995: Images of Nature: Canadian Poets and The Group of Seven, p. 19 (repr. col.).
Newlands 1995: The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson: An Introduction, pp. 36–37 (repr. col.).
Davis 1998: Thomson, Thomas John (Tom), pp. 998–99.
MacHardy 1999: "Inquiry into the Success of Tom Thomson's The West Wind," (repr.).
Wistow 1999: Meet the Group of Seven, p. 18 (repr. col.).
Murray 1999a: Canadian Art in the Twentieth Century, p. 25 (repr. col.).
Murray 1999b: Tom Thomson: Trees, pp. 112–13 (repr. col.).
Newlands 2000: Canadian Art: From its Beginnings to 2000, p. 305 (repr. col.).
Murray 2001: The Birth of the Modern: Post Impressionism in Canadian Art, c. 1900-1920, p. 134.
Reid and Hill 2002: Tom Thomson, cover (repr. col. det.), 32, 83, 140–41, 149, 288 (repr. col.).
Hill 2003: "The Jack Pine," pp. 50–51 (repr. col.).
Silcox 2003: The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson, pp. 3, 45, 49–50, 209, 212 (repr. col.).
Grace 2004: Inventing Tom Thomson: From Biographical Fictions to Fictional Autobiographies and Reproductions, Frontispiece, Pl. 2 (repr. col.).
Newlands 2007: Canadian Paintings, Prints and Drawings, pp. 318–319 (repr. col.).
King 2010: Defiant Spirits: The Modernist Revolution of the Group of Seven, pp. 221–22, 364, 403, 404, 415, 420, Pl. 23 (repr. col.).
Whitelaw 2010: The Visual Arts in Canada: The Twentieth Century, pp. 4, 38, 43, back cover (left) (repr. col.).
Dejardin 2011: Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and The Group of Seven, pp. 10–11 (repr. col. det.), 18, 51–52, 73 (repr. col.), 81.
Murray 2011: A Treasury of Tom Thomson, pp. 130–131, back cover (repr. col.).

Remarks

Letters from E.E.Godin, 15 June 1931, and T.W. Dwight, 2 February 1932, to Blodwen Davies, concur in the opinion that the sketch was done on Grand Lake (Library and Archives Canada, Blodwen Davies fonds (MG30 D38)). R.G. Tozer, Algonquin Park Naturalist, Parks Canada, adds that the background is clearly Carcajou Bay (Tozer to Murray, September 13, 1995). Charles C. Hill suggests that the sketch was painted in the north of Algonquin Park, most probably at Lake Cauchon, in the spring of 1916.

Record last updated February 16, 2016. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.