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medium: Oil »
support: on canvas »
year(s): 1915 »   //  1916 »
1915-1916.02
Spring Ice
Winter 1915–16
Oil on canvas
28 3/8 x 40 1/4 in. (72 x 102.3 cm)
Inscription recto: l.r., TOM THOMSON

Exhibition History

1916 OSA: Ontario Society of Artists, Toronto, Ontario, Ontario Society of Artists Forty-fourth Annual Exhibition, no. 124.
1918 Halifax: Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Arts, Nova Scotia, Paintings by Canadian Artists, Loaned by the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, no. 26.
1920 Thomson: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Memorial Exhibition of Paintings by Tom Thomson, no. 4.
1925 Wembley: British Empire, London, British Empire Exhibition, Canadian Section of Fine Arts, no. E.E. 26.
1927 Paris: Musée & du Jeu de Paume, Exposition d'art canadien, no. 235.
1932 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Imperial Economic Conference, no. 1.
1938 Tate: Tate, London, A Century of Canadian Art, no. 212.
1949 Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Mass, Forty Years of Canadian Painting: From Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven to the Present Day, no. 92.
1949 Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Va, Exhibition of Canadian Painting, 1668 - 1948, no. 72.
1950 Washington: National Gallery of Art, D.C, Canadian Painting: An Exhibition Arranged by the National Gallery of Canada, no. 80.
1953 NGC: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Exhibition of Canadian Painting to Celebrate the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, no. 66.
1954 VAG: Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Group of Seven, no. 67.
1957 Thomson Windsor: Willistead Art Gallery, Windsor, Tom Thomson 1877 - 1917, no. 11 (repr. col.).
1958 Los Angeles: National Gallery of Canada, Calif, Tom Thomson
1967 NGC (2): National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Three Hundred Years of Canadian Art, no. 194.
1968 NGC: National Gallery of Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Traditional Landscape Painting in Canada, no. 15.
1970 NGC: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, The Group of Seven, no. 63 (repr.).
1971 Thomson: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, The Art of Tom Thomson, no. 78 (repr.).
2004 St. Petersburg: Art Gallery of Ontario, Tom Thomson, no. 39, l.
2011 Dulwich: Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, no. 1, Pl. 8 (repr. col.).

Published References

Ball 1916: "Trying to Understand Artists and Their Arts"
Mail and Empire 1916: "Ontario Artists Do Daring Work"
Brown 1917: "Landscape Art in Canada," p. 33 (repr.).
Fairley 1920: "Tom Thomson and Others," p. 246.
Toronto Daily Star 1920a: "Memorial Exhibition to Artist of North"
NGC 1926: Press Comments on the Canadian Section of Fine Arts, British Empire Exhibition, 1924-1925, pp. 64, 70.
Brown 1932: "Canada's National Painter," p. 319 (repr. col.).
Robson 1932: Canadian Landscape Painters, p. 149 (repr. col.).
Lismer 1932c: Outline for Picture Study: Spring Ice
Davies 1935: A Study of Tom Thomson: The Story of a Man Who Looked for Beauty and for Truth in the Wilderness, p. 37 (repr. col.).
Buckman 1937: "With Canadian Pioneers," p. 570 (repr.).
Robson 1937: Tom Thomson, pp. 28–29 (repr. col.).
McInnes 1937b: "Art of Canada," p. 67 (repr. col.).
Buchanan 1938: "The Story of Canadian Art," p. 289 (repr.).
McInnes 1939b: A Short History of Canadian Art, (repr. col.).
Buchanan 1945: Canadian Painters from Paul Kane to the Group of Seven, fig. 45 (repr.).
Buchanan 1946: "Tom Thomson - Painter True North," p. 99 (repr. col.).
Saunders 1947: Algonquin Story, p. 170.
Buchanan 1950: The Growth of Canadian Painting, p. 31.
McInnes 1950: Canadian Art, p. 55 (repr. col.).
Hubbard 1960b: National Gallery of Canada, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture, p. 294 (repr.).
Hubbard 1962: The Gallery of Canadian Art, 2 Tom Thomson, pp. 10, pl. 2 (repr. col.).
Hubbard 1963: The Development of Canadian Art, pp. 91, pl. 155 (repr.).
Davies 1967: Tom Thomson: The Story of a Man Who Looked for Beauty and for Truth in the Wilderness, page facing 9 (repr.col.).
Addison 1969: Tom Thomson, The Algonquin Years, pp. 40, 43, 50, 79 (repr.).
Little 1970: The Tom Thomson Mystery, p. 34.
Reid 1970: The Group of Seven, p. 99 (repr.).
Murray 1971: The Art of Tom Thomson, pp. 41, 80 (repr.).
Ostiguy 1971: Un siècle de peinture canadienne, 1870-1970, pp. 31, fig. 56 (repr.).
Town & Silcox 1977: Tom Thomson: The Silence and the Storm, pp. 28–29, 70, 71 (repr. col.).
Town 1977a: "Tom's Work," p. 178.
Boulet 1982: The Canadian Earth: Landscape Paintings by the Group of Seven, pp. 204–205 (repr. col.).
Burnett 1990: Masterpieces of Canadian Art from the National Gallery of Canada, pp. 84, 85 (repr.).
Murray 1994b: Northern Lights: Masterpieces of Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, p. 59 (repr. col.).
Newlands 1995: The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson: An Introduction, pp. 26–27 (repr. col.).
Davis 1998: Thomson, Thomas John (Tom), p. 998.
Reid and Hill 2002: Tom Thomson, pp. 135–137, 235 (repr. col.), 316.
Silcox 2003: The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson, pp. 212, 238 (repr. col.).
Lehto 2006: Algonquin Elegy, cover (repr. col.).
King 2010: Defiant Spirits: The Modernist Revolution of the Group of Seven, pp. 190, 201.
Dejardin 2011: Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and The Group of Seven, pp. 14, 15, 71 (repr. col.).
Murray 2011: A Treasury of Tom Thomson, pp. 7 (detail), 90–91, (repr. col.).

Remarks

Dr. J.M. MacCallum, 11 June 1939, Dr. James M. MacCallum Papers, Library and Archives, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, writes that the title Spring Ice does not give the idea of the picture - “It is not spring ice at all - it is the opening of the waters.”

Record last updated March 2, 2016. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.