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medium: Oil »
year(s): 1915 »
1915.16
The Opening of the Rivers: Sketch for "Spring Ice"
Spring 1915
Alternate titles: Ice Breaking Up; Opening of the Rivers
Oil on composite wood-pulp board
8 1/2 x 10 1/2 in. (21.6 x 26.7 cm)
Inscription recto: l.l., TOM THOMSON; l.r., estate stamp Inscription verso: c., estate stamp; l.l., label, (in graphite) Canoe Lake – / and in ink, The opening of the Rivers; in graphite, breaking up of the ice, (ink) 47. James MacCallum; r., in ink, Dr.W [...]; u.l., in graphite, 19

Exhibition History

1919 Thomson: Arts Club, Montreal, Quebec, Exhibition of Paintings by the Late Tom Thomson, no. 47, as The Opening of the Rivers as lent by MacCallum.
1926 AGT Canadian: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Exhibition of Canadian Paintings, no. 50, as Ice Breaking Up.
1941 Thomson: Art Gallery of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Horatio Walker - Tom Thomson
1955 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada, Edmonton, Alberta, Tom Thomson Travelling Exhibition: Sketches and Painting from the National Gallery of Canada Collection
1956 Thomson: Kitchener-Waterloo Art Gallery, Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Tom Thomson Exhibition, 1877 - 1917, no. 30.
1957 Thomson London: London Public Library and Art Museum, London, Ontario, Tom Thomson 1877 - 1917, George Thomson 1868 -, no. 14.
1957 Thomson Windsor: Willistead Art Gallery, Windsor, Tom Thomson 1877 - 1917, no. 20.
1958 Los Angeles: National Gallery of Canada, Calif, Tom Thomson
1961 London: London Public Library and Art Museum, Ontario, The Face of Early Canada: Milestones of Canadian Paintings
1966 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada, Saint John, New Brunswick, Tom Thomson: Sketches, no. 16.
1969 MacCallum: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, The MacCallum Bequest of Paintings by Tom Thomson and Other Canadian Painters & the Mr. and Mrs. H.R. Jackman Gift of Murals from the Late Dr. MacCallum's Cottage Painted by Some of the Members of the Group of Seven, no. 104, as 1916.
1970 NGC: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, The Group of Seven, no. 58 (repr.).
1971 Thomson: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, The Art of Tom Thomson, no. 51 (repr.).
1976 Saint John: Department of New Brunswick Museum, New Brunswick, Seven Plus: A Selection of Work by the Group of Seven Arranged by Department of New Brunswick Museum, no. 18.
1977 Mirvish: David Mirvish Gallery, Toronto, Ontario, Tom Thomson Exhibition
2002 Thomson: National Gallery of Canada; Art Gallery of Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, Tom Thomson, no. 43 (repr. col.).
2004 St. Petersburg: Art Gallery of Ontario, Tom Thomson, no. 22.
2011 Dulwich: Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, no. 2, Pl. 7 (repr. col.).

Published References

Gazette 1919: "A Painter of the Wilds"
McInnes 1937a: "Art World"
Saunders 1947: Algonquin Story, p. 170.
Swinton 1956: "Tom Thomson Exhibit"
Hubbard 1960b: National Gallery of Canada, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture, p. 301 as Spring Ice (repr.).
Hubbard 1962: The Gallery of Canadian Art, 2 Tom Thomson, fig. 18 (repr.).
Addison 1969: Tom Thomson, The Algonquin Years, pp. 40, 42 (repr.).
Reid 1969: The MacCallum Bequest of Paintings by Tom Thomson and Other Canadian Painters & the Mr. and Mrs. HR. Jackman Gift of the Murals from the Late Dr. MacCallum's Cottage Painted by Some Members of the Group of Seven, p. 51.
Little 1970: The Tom Thomson Mystery, p. 34.
Reid 1970: The Group of Seven, p. 95 (repr.).
Murray 1971: The Art of Tom Thomson, pp. 38, 75 (repr.).
Town & Silcox 1977: Tom Thomson: The Silence and the Storm, p. 70 (repr.).
Murray 1994b: Northern Lights: Masterpieces of Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven, p. 58 (repr. col.).
Newlands 1995: The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson: An Introduction, p. 26 (repr. col.).
Davis 1998: Thomson, Thomas John (Tom), p. 997.
Reid and Hill 2002: Tom Thomson, pp. 132, 196 (repr. col.).
Dejardin 2011: Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and The Group of Seven, p. 70 (repr. col.).
Murray 2011: A Treasury of Tom Thomson, p. 91 (repr. col.).
Record last updated March 3, 2016. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.